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Fire Management Assistance Program

The Fire Management Assistance Program is authorized under Section 420 of the Stafford Act. It allows for the mitigation, management, and control of fires burning on publicly or privately owned forest or grasslands that threaten destruction that would constitute a major disaster.

There are four criteria used in evaluating the threat posed by a fire complex, which are as follows:

  • Threat to lives and improved property, including threats to critical facilities/infrastructure, and critical watershed areas;
  • Availability of State and local firefighting resources;
  • High fire danger conditions; and
  • Potential major economic impact

Eligible costs (less insurance proceeds) may include the following:

  • Emergency work (evacuations and sheltering, police barricading and traffic control, arson investigation)
  • An emergency operations center when it is used as a Unified Command Center
  • Pre-positioning of Federal , out-of-State, and international resources for up to 21 days
  • Personnel comfort and safety items for firefighters health and safety
  • Field Camps and Meals in lieu of per diem
  • Mobilization and demobilization costs
  • Temporary repair or damage caused by firefighting activities
  • Costs for mitigation, management, and control of declared fires burning on combined Federal land, when such costs are not reimbursable by another Federal agency.


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