In the context of all-hazards emergency management, hazard mitigation is defined as:
Any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to life and property from a hazard event.
The Bureau’s Hazard Mitigation program supports proactive measures to reduce or eliminate future losses related
to natural hazards such as earthquakes ,
floods , and wildfires . Support is provided to local government, state
agencies, and the citizens of Idaho in several ways.
The Bureau’s Mitigation Section is responsible for the following:
- Risk and Vulnerability Analysis
- Mitigation Planning
- Administration of FEMA’s Mitigation Grant Programs
- Coordination of natural hazards risk reduction projects
Mitigation’s Value to Society
All mitigation projects supported by the Idaho Office of Emergency Management demonstrate a documented benefit to cost ratio
of 1:1 or greater. Benefits associated with hazard mitigation projects generally include avoided losses from projected
reductions in deaths, injuries, infrastructure damage, property damage, and service disruptions.
- Mitigation creates safer communities by reducing losses of life and property.
- Mitigation enables individuals and communities to recover more rapidly from disasters.
- Mitigation lessens the financial impact of disasters on individuals, the Treasury, state, local and tribal communities.
The Multihazard Mitigation Council completed an independent study to assess the future savings from FEMA’s mitigation activities
in 2002. This study indicated that on average, every dollar spent by FEMA on hazard mitigation actions provided about $4 in future benefits.